99. Hoe Doelbewuste veranderinge onbewustelik in ‘n manuskrip opgeneem kon word.

99 ‘n Herblog van Dr. Larry Hurtago

Dr. Larry Hurtago het hierdie interessante verduideliking gegee van hoe die aandagtige bestudering en nota’s van ‘n vroeë leser, onbewustelik sy weg kon vind tot binne in die volgende afskrif wat van die betrokke manuskrip gemaak is.

Die moderne Bybelvertalers is so bevoorreg om al die variasies in alle bekende manuskripte saamgevat te hê in die Griekse tekste van Nestlé-Aland, asook dié van die United Bible Societies. Met die ou King James Vertaling, en die bronteks (Textus Receptus) wat ook vir die 1933/53 Ou Afrikaanse Vertaling gebruik is, was hulle uitgelewer aan die enkele manuskripte wat Erasmus in sy haas in Basil in die hande kon kry!

Lees gerus wat dr. Hurtago skryf.

Textual Variants and Ancient Readers

August 7, 2014

In my essay that has just been published (mentioned in my post yesterday), my broader emphasis is that intentional textual variants in NT writings likely resulted from ancient readers.  In the case of the variation-units I survey in that essay, I submit that readers were trying to judge the referents in statements that were somewhat ambiguous.  I further propose that the variants likely resulted from readers perusing the context of each ambiguous statement to make their judgement, in short, doing just what serious readers and modern commentators do:  exegesis based on context.

But, whereas modern commentators write a new text about the biblical text, these ancient readers (and we’re talking about the 2nd-3rd centuries likely) wrote what they judged to be the correct referent into their text of the NT writing.  Ironically, out of their high regard for the text and its clear meaning, they felt free to alter the word to make clearer the referent.

This sort of close study of immediate context (reading not  only backwards but also forward) isn’t likely what copyists did.  Copyists basically copied the text before them.  But readers/users of the copied text, they had the opportunity to note ambiguities and other problems, and the leisure-time to study carefully the context to see if they could clarify matters.

Then, when a reader’s copy was thereafter copied, the copyist likely assumed that what originated as a change in wording was the corrected wording, and so that change/variant entered subsequent textual transmission.

Copyists, to be sure, made oodles of accidental or unintentional changes, as is well documented.  But the sort of exegetically-based intentional changes that I discuss were, I contend, made by readers/users of the texts.  (I’m not the first to make this point.  I refer to earlier publications by Michael Holmes and Ulrich Schmid in my essay.)

So, as I note in the essay, these and other such textual variants are fascinating “artefacts” of ancient reading/readers, and their exegetical efforts to understand more precisely the texts.  Whereas in much earlier times NT textual critics tended to dismiss obviously secondary variants, seeking only the “original” reading, nowadays we are coming to regard all variants as in themselves valuable historical data.  The field of NT textual criticism is now a much “sexier” discipline than it ever was!

Mag sy insigte vir u van waarde wees.

Lewer gerus kommentaar onder aan die bladsy of per e-pos aan my na: bibledifferences@gmail.com


Herman Grobler.

About Herman of bibledifferences.net

The reasons for the differences between older Bibles like the King James Version and newer Bibles like the New International Version have fascinated me ever since my studies in Theology at the University of Pretoria in the seventies. I have great respect for scribes through the ages as well as Bible translators, so there must be good reasons for the differences. With more than 5600 Greek manuscripts and more than 19000 manuscripts of ancient translations to our disposal, the original autographs of the New Testament can be established without doubt. I investigate the reasons behind the differences and publish the facts in a post on my blogs www.bibledifferences.net (Afrikaans: www.bybelverskille.wordpress.com) to enable my readers to judge for themselves. Personally I love to make an informed decision based of facts. That is why I endeavor to provide that same privilege to the readers of my blogs. Since 1973 I am married to my dear wife and greatest friend, Leah Page, founder director of Act-Up Support (www.actup.co.za) a prayer ministry for families struggling with drug-, occult- and other dependencies. We are blessed with two daughters and two sons, four grand sons and two grand daughters. God is alive and omnipotent! Glory to His Name! Herman Grobler.
This entry was posted in Desiderius Erasmus, Glos, Oorspronklike Outografie, Textus Receptus, United Bible Societies Teks. Bookmark the permalink.

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